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Iowa Crop • Weather Report

July 15, 2019
Toledo Chronicle, Tama News-Herald

DES MOINES- Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig commented on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. The report is released weekly from April through November.

"Slightly above-average rain fall combined with consistently warmer weather has given crops across the state a boost," said Naig. "Though some areas had below- average rain fall, soil moisture conditions remain adequate to surplus."

Crop Report

Article Photos

Mike Naig
Iowa Secretary of Agriculture

While parts of Iowa experienced heavy rain, overall it was a hot, dry week which allowed farmers to get fieldwork done during the week ending July 7, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included planting, harvesting hay, spraying and applying nitrogen.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 21 percent surplus.

Statewide, 1 percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, over 1 week behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn condition declined to 61 percent good to excellent. Soybean emergence reached 96 percent, 2 weeks behind average. Seven percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 12 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 64 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-two percent of the oat crop has headed, 1 week behind last year and 6 days behind average. Twenty-eight percent of the crop has started coloring, 6 days behind average. Oat condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-four percent of the first cutting of alfalfa hay has been cut, nearly 1 week behind average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 12 percent statewide, 11 days behind average. Hay condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Livestock experienced some stress due to heat. Feedlots continue to dry out.

Weather Summary

Provided by

Justin Glisan

State Climatologist

Iowa Department o

f Agriculture and

Land Stewardship

The first week of July brought unseasonable warmth across Iowa with the average statewide temperature at 77.1 degrees, 3.4 degrees above normal. Showers and thunderstorms were reported on multiple days with parts of the northwestern quadrant receiving one to three inches of above average rainfall. Sections of eastern Iowa also observed unseasonable wetness, on the order of one to two inches.

An intense squall line moved north to south through eastern Iowa late Sunday (30th) afternoon producing severe wind reports across 20 counties, causing tree and structural damage. Sustained wind gusts varied from 58 mph in Burlington (Des Moines County) to 76 mph in Dubuque (Dubuque County). Heavy rain associated with stronger storms was reported at Guttenberg Lock and Dam (Clayton County) and Waucoma (Fayette County); these stations observed 1.47 inches and 1.35 inches, respectively.

Showers and thunderstorms skirted the Iowa-Minnesota border for much of Monday (July 1st) ahead of a low pressure system in Nebraska. As the low moved east, a line of strong thunderstorms formed in northwestern Iowa. These slow-moving storms produced locally heavy downpours and flash flooding in some locations. Eleven stations reported totals above two inches with three stations above three inches; Orange City (Sioux County) reported 3.62 inches.

A stationary front draped across central Iowa and continued to be a forcing mechanism for thunderstorms on Tuesday (2nd). Storms began popping up in the late afternoon and intensified into the evening as they moved into eastern Iowa. Rain totals were heaviest in west-central Iowa. Wednesday (3rd) saw similar behavior over most of Iowa as thunderstorms popped up along the existing boundary, transitioning south and east as the day progressed. Locally heavy rain fell along isolated lines of stronger thunderstorms. Two-day rain totals were greatest across the central west-to-east third of Iowa with 66 stations reporting over an inch; nine stations reported over three inches in central Iowa with a station in Boone County observing 5.13 inches. The statewide average rainfall was 0.51 inch, 0.19 inch above average.

Weekly rainfall totals ranged from no accumulation in Corning (Adams County) to 5.55 inches in Ogden (Boone County). The statewide weekly average precipitation was 1.13 inches, slightly above the normal of 1.08 inches. The week's high temperature of 97 degrees was reported on the 1st in Cherokee (Cherokee County), 12 degrees above normal. Cresco (Howard County) reported the week's low temperature of 56 degrees on the 7th, thre



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